Sustainable aquaculture and aquatic resources management

Projects

Development of a Guidebook on Farmer-to-Farmer Extension Approaches for Small-scale Aquaculture in the Asia-Pacific Region

The project made use of the significant results from the JICA projects in Cambodia, Benin and other countries on farmer-to-farmer extension approaches on technology extension for small-scale farmers. This also integrated other approaches of technology extension such as cluster farming which was also proven effective for small-scale farmers, in terms of application of farming technologies and aquaculture standards. The guidebook will introduce good practices on aquaculture extension not only to Asian countries but also to African countries.

This project utilised the vast experience of NACA and JICA on sustainable aquaculture projects in the region towards the formulation of a simple but efficient guidebook which can be used in developing a practical training course module on the above subject.

The objectives of this project were to i) develop a guidebook in English on "Farmer-to-farmer extension approaches for small-scale aquaculture" and ii) to translate the developed guidebook into selected local dialects in Asia-Pacific and other regions (e.g. Africa).

Development of regional code of practice for movement of aquatic organisms in the lower Mekong basin

The objective of this project was to develop an agreed code of practice for the transboundary movement of aquatic organisms that feeds into the fisheries management strategy for the lower Mekong basin. The risks of unregulated movements include the introduction of disease agents, unwanted or invasive species and of compromising the genetic integrity of local populations. The code of practice provides guidance on risk management and mitigation measures be taken into account for live aquatic animal imports or other transfers that are part of the established commercial practice, or those related to scientific study at research facilities. The code addresses impacts relating to the movement of both exotic and indigenous species.

The code was developed in consultation with the fisheries line agencies of MRC member countries and through a regional consultation workshop that was held from 3-4 November 2014. Development of the code was funded by the Mekong River Commission.

Culture-based Fisheries Development in Lao PDR and Cambodia

Culture-based fisheries (CBF) are a useful development strategy for improving the income and food security of rural communities. CBF requires minimal capital outlay, mobilising farming communities to make use of existing small dams and reservoirs for the secondary purpose of foodfish production. The objective of this project is to introduce community-based CBF to Cambodia, and to consolidate the gains of communities that have adopted CBF in Lao PDR by developing strategies to optimise the benefits under varying social, climatic and regulatory circumstances.

Aquaculture for Food Security, Poverty Alleviation and Nutrition

The AFSPAN Project is a three-year initiative to improve our understanding of the role of aquaculture in food security, poverty alleviation and human nutrition. The project is developing new methodologies to quantify the impact of aquaculture in developing nations and low income food deficit countries. It will enable the efficient planning, coordination and implementation of research and development programmes supporting the sustainable expansion of aquaculture, and increasing its impact on food security, livelihoods and poverty alleviation for poor people.

About the Sustainable Farming Systems Programme

Small-scale cage culture provides livelihoods for rural communities

Global population is forecast to reach around 9 billion by 2050. To feed the world, global agricultural output must increase by around 60% from present levels. This must be achieved against a background of increasing competition for natural resources such as water, feed ingredients and farming sites.

Maintaining environmental integrity while massively increasing food production will require farming systems to reduce their unit production environmental footprint. Many farming practices that are regarded as sustainable today will not be acceptable when scaled up.

Sustainable intensification of aquaculture means doing more with less. The Sustainable Farming Systems Programme aims to help aquaculture become a more efficient user of natural resources, both in terms of farm productivity and environmental efficiency.

The programme develops better management practices for major aquaculture farming systems, and promotes aquaculture as a secondary or additional use of water resources. The programme focusses on practical interventions that can be directly achieved by small-scale farmers in a developing country context.

Key activities

  • Development of better management practices for key aquaculture production systems.
  • Organising small-scale farmers into associations to facilitate cluster-based approaches to extension.
  • Development of culture-based fisheries as a secondary use of water bodies.
  • Development of strategic policy frameworks to guide governments and development agencies in promoting sustainable intensification of aquaculture.

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