Effective health management is a shared responsibility that requires a coordinated approach from all countries, particularly with regards to emergent pathogens such as “EMS” (acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease of shrimp), where containment requires a rapid response from the international community. There are good reasons to believe that wide and increasing inbreeding is also a significant factor in the epidemics frequently observed in the aquaculture industry.
A special session on Regional Cooperation for Improved Biosecurity was held at the World Aquaculture Adelaide 2014 conference, from 7-11 June. The session discussed i) regional cooperation in biosecurity, ii) dealing with emerging diseases, focussing on acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease, and iii) domestication programmes and their implications for genetic diversity, disease susceptibility and resistance.
NACA would like to thank the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research for providing a travel grant that allowed the speakers to attend the conference.
World population is projected to increase drastically in the coming decades which might bring about shortage of food. Freshwater fish are considered to be one of the most promising commodities that can contribute to increased food production in a sustainable manner. Common in the Asia-Pacific region, freshwater aquaculture provides diverse benefits to rural farmers including income generation, improved nutrition and sustainable livelihoods through integrated farming system.
The main objective of this symposium was to provide a venue for information sharing on extension of small-scale aquaculture, specifically targeted to those individuals and relevant organisations involved in various aquaculture development projects. The symposium also assessed and presented the effectiveness of “farmer-to-farmer extension” approaches in the implementation of relevant aquaculture development projects in the region.
The symposium was organised by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), NACA and the Thai Department of Fisheries for stakeholders involved in the JICA-assisted projects in Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Benin and Madagascar. The symposium was also attended by representatives from other countries in Asia and Africa including Cote d’ Ivoire, Indonesia, Malaysia, Nepal, Philippines and Zambia.
For more information and the programme please see the workshop prospectus.
FAO - APFIC - NACA Regional Consultation on the Sustainable Intensification of Aquaculture in Asia-Pacific
The world population is forecast to reach more than 9 billion by 2050. To maintain our food supply global agricultural output must increase by around 60% from present levels. Our starting position is that globally around one billion people are suffering from hunger and poverty right now. More than half of them, 578 million, live in the Asian region.
The objective of the consultation was to develop a regional strategic policy framework to guide national governments and regional organizations in promoting sustainable intensification of aquaculture in the Asia-Pacific region. The consultation also identified priority actions and, where possible, practical measures for their implementation.
The consultation specifically focussed on intensifying aquaculture through more efficient use of resources and environmentally sound practices. Farm productivity and environmental performance must be improved through a combination of forward-looking policies, better management practices and technological improvements, rather than by increasing inputs to the system.
The consultation considered these issues within the prevailing socio-economic context of aquaculture in the Asia-Pacific region – a sector characterised by large numbers of small-scale, family-operated farms that require special attention if aquaculture is to continue to contribute significantly towards their welfare. Practical interventions must address this reality if real change is to occur.
Please note: As the cause of AHPNS is not yet known, much of the information contained in these presentations is speculative rather than definitive in nature - Ed. An AHPNS disease card is now available to assist with provisional field diagnosis.
Recently, an emerging disease known as acute hepatopancreatic necrosis syndrome has caused significant losses amongst shrimp farmers in China and Vietnam (2010), Malaysia (2011) and Thailand (2012). The disease affects both Penaeus monodon and P. vannamei and is characterised by mass mortalities during the first 20-30 days of culture, an abnormal hepatopancreas, corkscrew swimming, loose shells, pale colouration and slow growth. The cause is unknown at this time.
Considering the severity of the disease, NACA and the Australian Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry convened an emergency consultation in Bangkok, 9-10 August 2012, involving international shrimp health experts, regional governments and industry to share information on this emerging disease, its occurrence, pathology and diagnosis, and to develop a coordinated regional response to the issue. The recordings in this collection are the technical presentations made at the consultation.
- Build awareness and capacity of relevant stakeholders on BMPs, cluster management, standards and certification, cluster/group certification, internal control systems and market access issues.
- To share lessons from BMP and cluster management projects in India, Vietnam, Thailand and Indonesia.
- To perform a thorough assessment of the impact of shrimp BMP and cluster management programs in India, including technical, social, economic and environmental concerns.
- To identify factors for success and constraints to adoption.
- To identify opportunities and challenges for scaling up.
- To provide projections on the impact of scaling up at the national level.
- To develop scaling up strategies for use by national institutions, regional organisations and potential donors.