Community ﬁshing is a unique feature in the state of Assam, India. The present case study narrates a community ﬁshing event in the ﬂoodplain wetlands (beels) of Kamrup District in Assam, India, witnessing participation of diﬀerent tribal communities in ﬁshing and the modus operandi of diverse types of ﬁshing gears with catch details. The design details of the gear were documented. The communal fishing practices of local communities are described along with the respective roles of men and women.
In Nepal, low quality and seasonal access to fish seed is an important restriction on the development of the aquaculture sector. Commercialisation of ﬁsh farming cannot progress rapidly in the absence of critical inputs and a regular supply of quality fish seed is an integral requirement for the transition of fish farming from a subsistence activity to a commercial enterprise. Participatory market chain approaches are a key tool for the social and economic improvement of farmers and market participants.
In this issue:
Aquaculture feed supply chain attracting scrutiny. Pond beauty contest, Ram Kumar and social development. Culture modes of giant freshwater prawn in Yangtze River Delta for early harvest. Fish marketing in Kashmir, India - a case study of Srinagar. Community-based integrated fish-duck farming: A boon for rural development in agro-climatic conditions of Assam, India. Gastropod and bivalve fishery of Kakinada Bay, Andhra Pradesh, India: Management and conservation issues.
Peter Edwards writes on rural aquaculture: Further training provided to aquaculturists in Fiji.
Spatial planning for sustainable coastal shrimp production.
Olivier M. Joffre, Pham Dang Tri, Tran Thi Phung Ha, Roel H. Bosma
Research and farming techniques
Availability of grouper (Serranidae) fingerlings and seed in the coral reef of Son Tra Peninsula, central Viet Nam.
Nguyen Thi Tuong Vi, Vo Van Quang, Le Thi Thu Thao, Tran Thi Hong Hoa, Tran Cong Thinh
People in aquaculture
Small-scale carp seed production through portable FRP hatchery at Khanguri, Odisha: A case of technology transfer in remote and inaccessible village.
B. C. Mohapatra, N. K. Barik, S. K. Mahanta, H. Sahu, B. Mishra and D. Majhi
Fishery changes, caused by modernisation and mechanisation, globalisation and environmental disasters, shift the working spaces, continually destroy and create jobs and livelihoods, and bring greater overlaps in women’s and men’s roles in the household, factory and market place.
"Gender and fisheries studies, therefore, are increasingly addressing these changes and how women and men were affected by them," said Dr Nikita Gopal who led the Program Committee that organised this highly energetic and successful event. "For example, small changes such as bringing migrant labor into Japan’s oyster industry and large changes such as formalising cross-border fish trade in Cambodia brought positive changes for some women and setbacks for other women and men, including the elderly. However, overall, GAF4 also continued to fill out the global picture showing that women and gender issues are still generally not on the radar of the fishery sector."
The present report puts the spotlight on key results and discussion presented over the 3 days of GAF4. In all, 28 oral presentations, one poster and four mini-workshops/panels were given. Feedback declared GAF4 the most successful and highest quality of the 6 women in fisheries/gender in aquaculture and fisheries events held by the Asian Fisheries Society over the last 15 years.
We highlight four major threads of GAF4: (1) the gendered impacts of fishery sector change, (2) gender assets and roles, (3) challenges and tools to meet future needs, and (3) the road to mobilisation to achieve gender equality in aquaculture and fisheries.
Out of these threads, researchers and grass roots representatives will conclude that they need to suspend pre-conceived ideas about gender roles and relationships because many of these are in flux. Researchers need to develop further and make better use of rigorous qualitative social science research methods. Through their participatory nature and to ensure ethical approaches, such methods will bring researchers and grass roots participants closer, which is an essential step in mobilising support for gender equality.
The AquaFish-CRSP Best Paper prize was won by Kumi Soejima (Japan) for her paper Changes in the Roles of Women and Elderly Persons within Oyster Aquaculture in Japan. The AquaFish-CRSP Best Student Paper prize was won by Piyashi Deb Roy (India) for her paper (with R. Jayaraman, M. Krishnan and K. Criddle) Importance of Mangrove Conservation and Valuation to Women – A Case Study of Pichavaram Mangroves in India.
A special part of GAF4 was the Special Session in Honour of Dr M.C. Nandeesha, sponsored by the AquaFish-CRSP and dedicated to the life and work of Dr Nandeesha who established the AFS gender in aquaculture and fisheries work.
GAF4 was supported by the Asian Fisheries Society, grants from the AquaFish Cooperative Research Support Program of the USA (AquaFish CRSP), the Norwegian Agency for International Development (Norad), the Indian Council for Agricultural Research, the Network for Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific (NACA), the Korean local organising committee for the 10th Asian Fisheries and Aquaculture Forum, and the home agencies of the many presenters and participants.