Community ﬁshing is a unique feature in the state of Assam, India. The present case study narrates a community ﬁshing event in the ﬂoodplain wetlands (beels) of Kamrup District in Assam, India, witnessing participation of diﬀerent tribal communities in ﬁshing and the modus operandi of diverse types of ﬁshing gears with catch details. The design details of the gear were documented. The communal fishing practices of local communities are described along with the respective roles of men and women.
Improvements to ﬁsh yield in small water bodies as well as to the incomes and nutritional status of rural communities have been demonstrated in Laos, Sri Lanka and Vietnam but culture-based ﬁsheries practices are not yet widespread, despite having signiﬁcant potential in tropical climates. A project to introduce culture-based fisheries to Cambodia is described. Participating communities reported improved catch per unit effort, an increase in the number of people engaged in fishing and lower food costs.
In Nepal, low quality and seasonal access to fish seed is an important restriction on the development of the aquaculture sector. Commercialisation of ﬁsh farming cannot progress rapidly in the absence of critical inputs and a regular supply of quality fish seed is an integral requirement for the transition of fish farming from a subsistence activity to a commercial enterprise. Participatory market chain approaches are a key tool for the social and economic improvement of farmers and market participants.
In this issue:
Aquaculture feed supply chain attracting scrutiny. Pond beauty contest, Ram Kumar and social development. Culture modes of giant freshwater prawn in Yangtze River Delta for early harvest. Fish marketing in Kashmir, India - a case study of Srinagar. Community-based integrated fish-duck farming: A boon for rural development in agro-climatic conditions of Assam, India. Gastropod and bivalve fishery of Kakinada Bay, Andhra Pradesh, India: Management and conservation issues.
These are the proceedings of a consultation on the existence and effectiveness of environmental monitoring systems for fisheries and aquaculture in the Lower Mekong basin. The document provides a baseline assessment of environmental monitoring systems in Cambodia, Thailand and Vietnam and the report of a workshop to discuss the assessments findings and future steps towards an improved environmental monitoring and early warning system that will contribute to climate change adaptation in fisheries and aquaculture in the area.
This book is the proceedings of the “Regional Consultation on Culture-Based Fisheries Development in Asia”, held in Siem Reap, Cambodia, 21-23rd of October 2014, under the auspices of the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR), the Mekong River Commission (MRC) and the Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific (NACA). The consultation was jointly organised by NACA and the Fisheries Administration of the Royal Government of Cambodia.
Food and nutritional security remains problematic in many developing countries. There are many initiatives underway which are designed to increase food supply, employment and income opportunities, most of which require considerable capital inputs (for instance cropping, livestock production and aquaculture). Often overlooked, are the opportunities to produce more food from the natural productive ecology of lakes and forests. Culture-based fisheries are one example of a relatively simple and low cost technology which can deliver nutritional and economic benefits to communities which often have few livelihood options.
Culture-based fisheries are based in lakes and reservoirs, where fish populations are supplemented by hatchery-produced fingerlings. The stocked fish may breed naturally in the lakes, or they may be species which are desirable but which do not breed in the still-water environments. Fish growth is driven by the natural productivity of the water bodies. Generally, local communities have ownership of the fish, with the benefits shared or used for communal purposes. However, there are other options for management and ownership depending on local needs, cultural arrangements and other uses of the water.
Research and development of culture-based fisheries has been a major endeavour for NACA and ACIAR since the mid-1990s. This has involved projects in Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Vietnam, Lao PDR and Cambodia, the results of which have been reported in previous publications, as noted below. In this volume, we bring together an update from research conducted in those countries and others. We trust the information will foster further development and spread of culture-based fisheries in Asia and beyond, and in doing so, bring livelihood and nutritional benefits to otherwise resource-poor communities.
Peter Edwards writes on rural aquaculture: Integrated rice/crayfish farming in Hubei Province, China
Research and farming techniques
Improvement of seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii culture production by reducing grazing by rabbit fish (Siganus spp.)
Pham Quoc Hung, Phung The Trung, Svend Jorgen Steenfeldt, Nguyen Quang Huy
Exploring the fisheries of Wular Lake, Kashmir, India
Neha W. Qureshi, Nitesh V. Kadtan and Jitesh V. Keshave
Golden mahseer, Tor putitora - a possible candidate species for hill aquaculture
Neetu Shahi, Sumanta Kumar Mallik and Debajit Sarma
This is the proceedings of the an international symposium organised for stakeholders involved in the JICA-assisted projects in Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Benin and Madagascar. The main objective of this symposium was to provide a venue for information sharing on extension of small-scale aquaculture, specifically targeted to those individuals and relevant organizations involved in various aquaculture development projects. The symposium also assessed the effectiveness of "farmer-to-farmer" extension approaches in the implementation of relevant aquaculture development projects in the region.
Peter Edwards writes on rural aquaculture: Pond aquaculture taking off in Nepal
Introduction of culture based fishery practices in small water bodies in Cambodia: issues and strategies
Srun Limsong, Hort Sitha, Ou Sary, Ouch Vutha, C.V. Mohan, Sena S. De Silva
Research and farming techniques
A case study on polycheate fishery by the Irular tribal fishing community on the Tamil Nadu Coast
S. Velvizhi, A.Gopalakrishnan, P. Murugesan and D. Kannan
Use of pangasius pond sediment for rooftop bag gardening: Potential for rural-urban integrated aquaculture-horticulture
M. Mahfujul Haque, M. S. Monira, M. A. Salam, A. P. Shinn and D. C. Little